Drepanis pacifica 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Aves Passeriformes Fringillidae

Scientific Name: Drepanis pacifica
Species Authority: (Gmelin, 1788)
Common Name(s):
English Hawaii Mamo, Hawai'i Mamo
Taxonomic Source(s): Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened birds of the world, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.
This species is known from the Hawaiian Islands, USA, but it has not been recorded since 1898 and is now Extinct. Habitat destruction was probably the major cause of its extinction.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Extinct (EX)
2004 Extinct (EX)
2000 Extinct (EX)
1994 Extinct (EX)
1988 Extinct (EX)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Drepanis pacifica was endemic to the big island of Hawai`i, USA, and was last recorded in 1898 above Hilo (Greenway 1967) and in 1899 near Kaunana (Pratt et al. 1987).

Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
United States
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Continuing decline in number of locations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabited forest, especially `ohi`a forest (Stattersfield et al. 1998), where it was observed feeding on insects, although it probably fed mainly on nectar.

Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown
Generation Length (years): 4.3
Movement patterns: Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It was heavily trapped by Hawaiians for its feathers (Rose et al. 1993), but it is more likely that habitat destruction and disease were the ultimate causes of the species's extinction (Greenway 1967).

Citation: BirdLife International. 2012. Drepanis pacifica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22720848A38745085. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
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