Hirundo perdita


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hirundo perdita
Species Authority: Fry & Smith, 1985
Common Name(s):
English Red Sea Swallow, Red Sea Cliff-swallow, Red Sea Cliff Swallow
French Hirondelle de la Mer Rouge
Taxonomic Notes: The BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group is aware that phylogenetic analyses have been published which have proposed generic rearrangements which may affect this species, but prefers to wait until work by other taxonomists reveals how these changes affect the entire groups involved.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Robertson, P.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Starkey, M., Shutes, S., Symes, A.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Hirundo perdita is known only from the type-specimen, found dead in May 1984 at Sanganeb lighthouse, north-east of Port Sudan, Sudan (Fry and Smith 1985). It is judged most likely to be found in the Red Sea hills of Sudan or Eritrea, or possibly (because two pale-rumped swallows were seen flying out over the Red Sea towards Jedda, just before the discovery of the type) in the coastal hills of western Saudi Arabia north of Jedda (Madge and Redman 1989). Unidentified cliff swallows, possibly of this species, have been seen at Lake Langano (c.20 birds) and in Awash National Park (3-8 birds) in the Rift Valley in Ethiopia, plus three more recent sites (P. Robertson in litt. 1998), although they are more likely to represent an undescribed taxon. There is no other information on the species's range, population size and trend, preferred habitat and potential threats.

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is only known from its type specimen and as such no population estimates are available.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species' preferred habitat is unknown, but its morphology is similar to the `cliff swallow' group of species, whose other members prefer open country (e.g. grassland or mountainous areas), often near to cliffs and/or water and/or human habitation.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None is known

Conservation Actions Proposed
Where possible survey Red Sea hills of Sudan and Eritrea as well as the coastal hills of western Saudi Arabia north of Jedda (Madge and Redman 1989).

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Hirundo perdita. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 27 August 2015.
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