Myzomela malaitae 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Aves Passeriformes Meliphagidae

Scientific Name: Myzomela malaitae
Species Authority: Mayr, 1931
Common Name(s):
English Red-bellied Myzomela, Red-vested Myzomela

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Contributor(s): Schofield, P.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Dutson, G., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A.
This species is confined to a single small island where it is uncommon, it is therefore thought to have a moderately small population which is likely to be declining as a result of habitat degradation. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Near Threatened (NT)
2004 Near Threatened (NT)
2000 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1994 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
1988 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Myzomela malaitae is endemic to Malaita in the Solomon Islands. It is a scarce inhabitant of forest, although it is more common in hills and mountains (P. Schofield in litt. 1994, G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997, Hornbuckle 1999a) . It is absent from secondary forest habitats in many areas (G. Dutson pers. obs. 1997) but may be more tolerant in other areas (P. Schofield in litt. 1994).

Countries occurrence:
Solomon Islands
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2: 4300
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Continuing decline in number of locations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it is described as scarce or uncommon.

Trend Justification:  There are no data on population trends; however the species is suspected to be in slow decline owing to habitat degradation.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals: Unknown Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Extreme fluctuations: No Population severely fragmented: No
Continuing decline in subpopulations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations: No All individuals in one subpopulation: Yes
No. of individuals in largest subpopulation: 100

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in forest and forest edge throughout Malaita, being more common in primary forest above 1,000 m (Dutson 2011).

Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown
Generation Length (years): 6
Movement patterns: Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Lowland and hill forest throughout Malaita is extensively being degraded through logging and clearance for gardens for a burgeoning human population. However, much of this species's population is above the altitudes threatened by logging or clearance.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations at a network of sites. Study its tolerance of degraded habitats. Ensure protection of primary forest at sites where it occurs.

Citation: BirdLife International. 2012. Myzomela malaitae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22703891A38257179. . Downloaded on 26 May 2016.
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