||Antioquia Bristle-tyrant, Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant
Phylloscartes lanyoni Graves, 1988
||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
||11 cm. Bright yellow-and-olive flycatcher with contrasting grey crown. Incomplete eye-ring. Duskier wings and tail with two yellow wing-bars. Bright yellow underparts. Small, thin bill, black maxilla, flesh lower mandible. Similar spp. Spectacled Bristle-tyrant P. orbitalis has complete eye-ring, narrower whitish-yellow wing-bars, yellowish-olive underparts, and grey crown blending into greenish back. Marble-faced Bristle-tyrant P. ophthalmicus is larger, with distinct black auricular patch. Voice Song recalls other Pogonotriccus: a short, stuttering, descending trill, lasting c. 2 sec., ending with a few longer sweep notes at a slightly higher pitch. Calls comprise sharp dry chit or softer tsip notes (Fitzpatrick and Sharpe 2016).
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
||Cortés, O., Mark, T., Salaman, P. & Stiles, E.
||Isherwood, I., Pople, R., Sharpe, C J, Stuart, T., Symes, A., Khwaja, N.
This species qualifies as Endangered owing to its very small, severely fragmented range, within which habitat loss is occurring at a rapid rate. Its population is assumed to be very small and declining, and made up of extremely small subpopulations.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2012 – Endangered (EN)
- 2008 – Endangered (EN)
- 2004 – Endangered (EN)
- 2000 – Endangered (EN)
- 1996 – Endangered (EN)
- 1994 – Endangered (EN)
- 1988 – Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
|Range Description:||Phylloscartes lanyoni occurs locally on the east and north slopes of the central Andes in Caldas and Antioquia, and on the west slope of the east Andes in Cundinamarca, Boyacá and Santander, Colombia. It is known from the type-series, taken in the lower Cauca Valley at the northern tip of the Andes in 1948, and a few modern localities in the middle and upper Magdalena Valley. It has been seen on several occasions at Río Claro Natural Reserve, and recently also at Anará (Renjifo et al. 2002), Antioquia, as well as near La Victoria, Caldas. It is respectively uncommon and common at El Vergel, Cundinamarca, and Monte del Diablo, Boyacá (Wege and Long 1995, Stiles et al. 1999, P. G. W. Salaman in litt. 1999) and is also present in Yacopi and La Palma municipalities, Cundinamarca (O. Cortes in litt. 2007). |
|♦ Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Yes|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||No||♦ Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:||34800|
|♦ Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Yes||♦ Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||No|
|♦ Number of Locations:||8||♦ Continuing decline in number of locations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:||No||♦ Lower elevation limit (metres):||450|
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||900|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|