Burhinus oedicnemus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Burhinus oedicnemus
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name/s:
English Eurasian Thick-knee, Stone Curlew, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Stone-Curlew
French Oedicnème criard

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor/s: BirdLife International
Reviewer/s: Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/s: Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S., Harding, M.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a large global population estimated to be 140,000-330,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2002). The status of the European population (46,000-78,000 pairs, occupying 25-49% of the global breeding range) was recently reassessed, and following a large decline in Europe during 1970-1990 (Tucker and Heath 1994), the species continued to decline during 1990-2000, when up to 20% of birds were lost and several national extinctions occurred. Overall, declines in Europe exceeded 30% over three generations (27 years) (BirdLife International 2004). However, there is no evidence of declines elsewhere in its global range, and incomplete data from Central Asia and southern Russia suggests that there the species is stable or increasing in places (A. Mischenko in litt. 2005).
Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Armenia (Armenia); Austria; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bhutan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cambodia; China; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; France; Georgia; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Guinea; Hungary; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kuwait; Kyrgyzstan; Lebanon; Libya; Lithuania; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Moldova; Montenegro; Morocco; Myanmar; Nepal; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Romania; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia (Serbia); Slovakia; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan; Viet Nam; Western Sahara; Yemen
Regionally extinct:
Belgium; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Niger; Nigeria; Norway; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sweden
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It has a large global population estimated to number 130,000-310,000 individuals. The European population is estimated at 46,000-78,000 pairs.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial
Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Burhinus oedicnemus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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