Hypotaenidia pacifica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hypotaenidia pacifica
Species Authority: (Gmelin, 1789)
Common Name(s):
English Tahiti Rail
Gallirallus pacificus (Gmelin, 1789)
Taxonomic Notes: Hypotaenidia pacifica (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Gallirallus as G. pacificus.

The name ecaudatus or ecaudata, often incorrectly used for this species, in fact refers to Buff-banded Rail H. philippensis (Taylor 1998).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N. & Mahood, S.
This species was known from the Society Islands, French Polynesia, but has been driven Extinct by cat and rat predation. It was last recorded on Mehetia in the 1930s.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Hypotaenidia pacificus is known only from Forster's painting from Tahiti, French Polynesia, in the British Museum (Knox and Walters 1994), from Cook's second voyage in 1773 (Stattersfield et al. 1994), although there were reports from Tahiti until 1844, and from the nearby Mehetia until the 1930s (Bruner 1972).

Regionally extinct:
French Polynesia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Nothing is known.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It was flightless, and its extinction was presumably caused by introduced cats and rats (Bruner 1972).

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Hypotaenidia pacifica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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