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Ptilinopus mercierii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AVES COLUMBIFORMES COLUMBIDAE

Scientific Name: Ptilinopus mercierii
Species Authority: (Des Murs & Prévost, 1849)
Common Name(s):
English Red-moustached Fruit-dove, Moustached Fruit Dove, Red-moustached Fruit-Dove

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.
Justification:
This species was found in the Marquesas, French Polynesia, but it is now Extinct due to the action of introduced predators. The last record was of the subspecies tristrami on Hiva Oa, in 1922.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Ptilinopus mercierii was endemic to the Marquesas, French Polynesia, with the nominate subspecies on Nuku Hiva and subspecies tristrami on Hiva Oa. While the former is only known from the type collected during the 1836-1839 voyage of the Venus, the latter is known from at least 11 specimens, the last collected by the Whitney Expedition in 1922 (Holyoak and Thibault 1984). The species was reported on Hiva Oa in 1980 (Hay 1986), but this was probably a mistake (Collar et al. 1994).

Countries:
Regionally extinct:
French Polynesia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Its ecology is likely to have been similar to other members of the genus Ptilinopus.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its extinction has been attributed to predation by the introduced Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus (Holyoak and Thibault 1984), as well as by introduced rats and cats (Collar et al. 1994).


Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Ptilinopus mercierii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 September 2014.
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