Treron oxyurus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Treron oxyurus
Species Authority: (Temminck, 1823)
Common Name(s):
English Sumatran Green-pigeon, Sumatran Green Pigeon, Sumatran Green-Pigeon
Treron oxyura Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Treron oxyura BirdLife International (2004)
Treron oxyura BirdLife International (2000)
Treron oxyura Collar et al. (1994)
Treron oxyura Collar and Andrew (1988)
Taxonomic Notes: Gender agreement of species name follows David and Gosselin (2002b).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.
This scarce montane species probably has a moderately small population which is likely to be declining owing to continuing habitat degradation. It therefore qualifies as Near Threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Treron oxyurus is restricted to Sumatra (350-1,800 m) and West Java (600-3,000 m), Indonesia; although formerly considered locally common, it is now apparently very hard to find on both islands (BirdLife International 2001).

Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as locally common, although generally scarce on Sumatra and very rare on Java (Gibbs et al. 2001).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in hill and montane forest, to 1,800 m in Sumatra and to 3,000 m in Java, where it keeps high in the canopy (Gibbs et al. 2001). Breeding has been recorded during January in Sumatra and during June in Java (Gibbs et al. 2001). 

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Destruction of its preferred habitat has been widespread in the lower parts of its elevation range, and it is now rather scarce.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Investigate the extent of hunting by local residents. If relevant, control hunting where possible, perhaps using awareness campaigns. Protect significant areas of primary montane forest across its altitudinal range.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Treron oxyurus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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