||Treron psittaceus (Temminck, 1808)
||Timor Green-pigeon, Timor Green Pigeon, Timor Green-Pigeon
Treron psittacea (Temminck, 1808) [orth. error] — Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Treron psittacea (Temminck, 1808) [orth. error] — BirdLife International (2004)
Treron psittacea (Temminck, 1808) [orth. error] — BirdLife International (2000)
Treron psittacea (Temminck, 1808) [orth. error] — Collar et al. (1994)
Treron psittacea (Temminck, 1808) [orth. error] — Collar and Andrew (1988)
||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
||28 cm. Medium-sized, arboreal, green pigeon. Male slightly greyish-green, brighter on throat, rump and uppertail-coverts. Greyish-black wings with coverts fringed yellow. Green central tail-feathers, remainder grey with darker band. Vent and undertail-coverts white, tipped green. Female duller green with paler yellow wing-covert fringes. Similar spp. Only other green-coloured pigeon in range is Rose-crowned Fruit-dove Ptilinopus regina, and this has orange and yellow patches on underparts and pink crown in the male. Voice Series of 6-7 accelerating, descending see-saw notes and medley of high-pitched bubbling and gargling sounds.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
||Trainor, C. & Verbelen, F.
||Benstead, P., Bird, J., Davidson, P., Taylor, J., Tobias, J., Allinson, T, Martin, R, North, A.
The population of this species, which could be very small, is suspected to be declining rapidly, concurrent with the rapid reduction in its lowland forest habitat and intense hunting at least in part of its range (Roti). As a result, it is classified as Endangered.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2012 – Endangered (EN)
- 2008 – Endangered (EN)
- 2004 – Endangered (EN)
- 2000 – Endangered (EN)
- 1996 – Vulnerable (VU)
- 1994 – Vulnerable (VU)
- 1988 – Threatened (T)
|Range Description:||Treron psittaceus is endemic to Timor-Leste, West Timor and its satellite islands, Semau (42 records in total C. Trainor in litt. 2016) and Roti, Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, where it appears to be uncommon or rare, and apparently very local (BirdLife International 2001). It has been infrequently recorded during fieldwork (eg only one record from surveys in Onansila in 1991 [Johnstone et al. 2014]), although it is perhaps overlooked owing to its inconspicuous and very wary disposition. Five birds were seen perched in Casuarina trees in Kolabe Forest in the late 1990s (Lesmana et al. 2000), whilst no sightings were made in West Timor in 1993 (Noske and Saleh 1996). It is thought to have declined recently throughout West Timor, but is more common in Timor-Leste (Trainor et al. 2004), being described as scarce to moderately common at all locations visited during survey work in 2003 (Mauro 2003). Flocks of 50 birds and exceptionally 140 have been recorded in Timor recently and one record of a bird well away from forest indicates it may tolerate degraded habitat (C. Trainor in litt. 2007). This suggestion has been reiterated by video footage of a nesting individual in degraded savanna (C. Trainor in litt. 2016). On Roti it is apparently rare—the first was recorded in 1969 (Mees 1975), subsequently one bird was observed north-west of Sipu in 2004 (Trainor 2005) and two birds were seen near Daurendale hamlet (Sotimori village, East Roti) in August 2009 (Verbelen and Cooleman 2015). In Lore, 32 individuals were sighted in a fruiting tree (C. Trainor in litt. 2016).|
|♦ Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||No||♦ Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:||44900|
|♦ Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Unknown||♦ Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||No|
|♦ Number of Locations:||11-100||♦ Continuing decline in number of locations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:||No|
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||600|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|