Gallicolumba luzonica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Gallicolumba luzonica
Species Authority: (Scopoli, 1786)
Common Name(s):
English Luzon Bleeding-heart, Bleeding Heart Dove, Bleeding Heart Pigeon
Spanish Paloma Apuñalada de Luzón

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Michael, G. & Webster, R.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it probably has a moderately small population, which is thought to be undergoing a moderately rapid population decline owing primarily to hunting and logging. It is very secretive and further information may require it to be uplisted to Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Gallicolumba luzonica is endemic to Luzon (where it is everywhere scarce or rare), Philippines, in the Sierra Madre south to Quezon National Park and Mt Makiling, with a recent report from Mt Bulusan in the south, and also Polillo (recently rediscovered probably very rare) and Catanduanes (single specimen) (Collar et al. 1999).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as usually rather scarce or rare (Gibbs et al. 2001).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in lowland forest (below 1,400 m), including selectively logged and otherwise poor secondary growth and even plantations. It forages on the ground, searching the leaf-litter for seeds, fallen fruits and invertebrates (Gibbs et al. 2001).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation through deforestation for timber extraction and agricultural expansion. It is vulnerable to snaring for the pet trade, but remains widespread and locally numerous.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Captive populations in Europe and North America are formally managed (Webster and Michael in litt. 2009). The number in captivity in North America has remained around 75 since 1988. A Population Management Plan was developed in 2009 by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums with the aim of reaching 100 birds in the North American zoo population. In-situ conservation efforts are also reported to be underway (Webster and Michael in litt. 2009).

Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size using playback. Regularly monitor to determine population trends. Investigate the extent of hunting by local residents. Control hunting where possible, perhaps using awareness campaigns. Protect significant areas of intact forest throughout its range. Attempt to rediscover the population on Catanduanes.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Gallicolumba luzonica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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