||Brown-backed Dove, Azuero Dove
||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.
||Leptotila battyi has been widely treated as a separate species from either L. plumbeiceps or L. rufaxilla on the basis of its distinct call and very slight plumage differences (Wetmore 1968, Ridgely & Gwynne 1989, Baptista et al. 1997, Dickinson 2003). Although Stiles & Skutch (1989) and Gibbs et al. (2001) suggest little or no difference between the voices of plumbeiceps and battyi, we provisionally accept battyi as a species pending further work to determine the relationships between these taxa, rufaxilla and pallida.
||25 cm. Medium-sized, brown dove. Grey crown, nape and throat. Chestnut-brown upperparts. Brown wings with blackish primaries and primary coverts. Brownish tail with white tips to outer two rectrices. Vinaceous underparts becoming white on belly. Dull red legs. Similar spp. White-tipped Dove L. verreauxi lacks grey crown, less brownish appearance and more white on outer rectrices. Call has same cadence but is deeper. Voice Typically mournful two-syllable cooing whoo-oooo repeated persistently.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
||Benstead, P., Isherwood, I., Sharpe, C J, Taylor, J.
Habitat is declining in extent, area and quality in parts of this species's very small and fragmented range. It is close to being listed as Endangered, but is known from more than five locations and consequently only qualifies as Vulnerable.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2008 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 2004 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 2000 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 1994 – Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt) –
- 1988 – Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc) –
|Population:||The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.|
Trend Justification: The species's population is suspected to be declining slowly, in line with the on-going threats of habitat destruction and hunting.
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|♦ Number of mature individuals:||6000-15000||♦ Continuing decline of mature individuals:||Yes|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations:||No||♦ Population severely fragmented:||No|
|♦ No. of subpopulations:||2-100||♦ Continuing decline in subpopulations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:||No||♦ All individuals in one subpopulation:||No|