|Scientific Name:||Macropygia rufipennis|
|Species Authority:||Blyth, 1846|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.|
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it is thought to have a moderately small population, confined to a few small islands where forest is under threat from development and hunting is rife. This species is very poorly known and basic ecological data would throw much-needed light on this assessment.
|Previously published Red List assessments:||
|Range Description:||Macropygia rufipennis is endemic to the Andaman and Nicobar (Nancowry subgroup and Great Nicobar) archipelagos, India, where it is locally frequent on the former and scarce on the latter.|
|Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Unknown|
|Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||No|
|Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:||7600|
|Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Yes|
|Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||No|
|Continuing decline in number of locations:||Unknown|
|Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:||No|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as not uncommon, although very poorly known (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Trend Justification: There are no data on population trends, but the species is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat degradation and hunting.
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It frequents dense broadleaved primary and secondary evergreen forest, tolerating some degree of habitat degradation, and occurring in adjacent secondary growth, gardens and clearings (Gibbs et al. 2001. The species is frugivorous and takes a variety of fruits and berries, including those of Vitis species, and in some areas is said to feed almost exclusively on bird's-eye chillies (Gibbs et al. 2001).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Generation Length (years):||5.2|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Major Threat(s):||While forest remains fairly extensive on the Andamans and Nicobars, the human population on larger islands is rising rapidly and habitat is consequently under pressure from agriculture, grazing and logging. Hunting is also apparently common on the islands, possibly affecting this species, and planned development projects on the Nicobars could seriously affect its habitat.|
Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Regularly monitor to determine population trends. Investigate its tolerance of degraded forest and the extent of hunting by local residents. Control hunting where possible, perhaps using awareness campaigns. Protect significant areas of intact forest on a number of islands across its range.
|Citation:||BirdLife International. 2012. Macropygia rufipennis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22690549A37933007. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22690549A37933007.en . Downloaded on 05 October 2015.|
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