Loriculus philippensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Loriculus philippensis
Species Authority: (Müller, 1776)
Common Name(s):
English Philippine Hanging-parrot, Colasisi, Philippine Hanging Parrot
Taxonomic Notes: Loriculus camiguinensis, split by Tello et al. (2006), is treated here as a subspecies of L. philippensis, following a review by BTWG, which concludes that the case for species status rests on two unequivocal but not particularly compelling characters, the absence of sexual dimorphism and a richer blue face. Loriculus salvadorii is known from Hachisuka's 1930 type in Delaware and from a female, collected by Cuming, in Tring (Dickinson et al. 1991); there is no evidence that it is anything other than a synonym of the Mindanao, Philippines subspecies of Philippine Hanging-parrot Loriculus philippensis apicalis Souancé 1856 (Peters 1961). Loriculus bonapartei was split by Juniper and Parr (1998), but this treatment is not accepted by the BirdLife Taxonomic Working Group, who accept the verdict of Collar (2011) that bonapartei should be treated as a subspecies of L. philippensis.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Khwaja, N.
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Loriculus philippensis is endemic to the Philippines (del Hoyo et al. 1997). The Siquijor subspecies, siquijorensis, is probably now extinct (Fuller 2000).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common throughout most of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Loriculus philippensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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