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Mascarinus mascarin

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AVES PSITTACIFORMES PSITTACIDAE

Scientific Name: Mascarinus mascarin
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1771)
Common Name(s):
English Mascarene Parrot
Synonym(s):
Mascarinus mascarinus
Taxonomic Notes: Mascarinus mascarin (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously listed as M. mascarinus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2012-06-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S.
Contributor(s): Le Corre, M.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S. & Symes, A.
Justification:
This species was known from the island of Réunion, but it has gone Extinct as a result of hunting pressure. The last record of wild birds dates from 1775, and none were observed on a visit in 1804.
History:
2012 Extinct

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Mascarinus mascarin was described by numerous early travellers to Réunion (to France), with several captive birds shipped to France in the late 18th century. The last accounts of wild birds were from the 1770s, and birds were not mentioned by Bory writing in 1804, so the species may well have been extinct in the wild by then. The captive birds in Paris had also died by this time but a single bird survived in the King of Bavaria's menagerie until at least 1834 (Cheke 1987). Two specimens survive today (Forshaw and Cooper 1989).

Countries:
Regionally extinct:
Réunion
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Nothing is known, although it is likely to have inhabited forest where it fed on fruits and nuts.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is likely to have been hunted to extinction.


Citation: BirdLife International 2014. Mascarinus mascarin. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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