Trichoglossus ornatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Trichoglossus ornatus
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s):
English Ornate Lorikeet

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2013-11-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S.
Contributor(s): Hutchinson, R., Lambert, F. & Gilardi, J.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J. & Symes, A.
This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend is not known, but the population is not believed to be decreasing sufficiently rapidly to approach the thresholds under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
2012 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is endemic to Indonesia, where it is widespread on Sulawesi and surrounding offshore islands including Togian, Peleng, Banggai and Tukang Besi archipelago (Forshaw 2006). It is reported to no longer be common in northern and central parts of Sulawesi (per J. Gilardi in litt. 2010), but still seems to be common in the Togian islands and in the lowland forest at Torout (Bogani Nani NP) and to a lesser extent at Tangkoko (F. Lambert in litt. 2011, R. Hutchinson in litt. 2012).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It has been described as common and locally very common (Juniper and Parr 1998, Forshaw 2006), with a total population of more than 50,000 individuals (Juniper and Parr 1998).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species does not require primary forest, preferring forest edge, secondary habitats, and open areas, including human-altered habitats (Juniper and Parr 1998, Forshaw 2006)
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is reportedly trapped in national parks such as Tangkoko and Lore Lindu, and individuals of this species are infrequently seen in bird markets (J. Gilardi in litt. 2010). It is apparently tolerant of, and maybe even prefers secondary forest and forest edge but is noticeably commoner in the extreme lowland forest then in the mountains and these lowland forests are most at threat of clearance (R. Hutchinson in litt. 2012).

Citation: BirdLife International 2013. Trichoglossus ornatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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