Phaenicophaeus sumatranus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Species Authority: (Raffles, 1822)
Common Name(s):
English Chestnut-bellied Malkoha

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.
This forest-dependent species is listed as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline owing to the extensive loss of lowland forests from large areas of the Sundaic lowlands. It is not considered more threatened because it can use secondary habitats and occurs at higher elevations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Phaenicophaeus sumatranus occurs from south Tenasserim, Myanmar, through peninsular Thailand, Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei (uncommon), to Kalimantan (including the North Natuna Islands) and Sumatra, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). Overall it remains relatively common through large parts of its range.

Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Singapore; Thailand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as generrally fairly common, although localy very common to uncomon in Thailand (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits primary and secondary forest, including mangroves, durian plantations and peatswamp forest, to 1,000 m. It forages quietly and unobtrusively in the dense crowns of trees on a range of arthropods.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997, and Sumatra lost almost 30% of its 1985 cover), because of a variety of factors, including the escalation of logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas, plus forest fires (particularly in 1997-1998).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect areas of lowland forest within the species's range. Enforce restrictions on agricultural encroachment and logging within such protected areas. Estimate population trends by calculating rates of forest loss within its range using satellite imagery and remote sensing techniques.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Phaenicophaeus sumatranus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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