Tanysiptera carolinae


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Tanysiptera carolinae
Species Authority: Schlegel, 1871
Common Name(s):
English Numfor Paradise-kingfisher, Cobalt Paradise Kingfisher, Numfor Paradise-Kingfisher

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Bishop, K. & Gibbs, D.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.
Although this species appears to persist in highly degraded habitats, its ecological requirements are poorly known, and habitat loss and degradation on Numfor are on-going. Given that it occurs within a very small range, and is likely to have a small to moderately small, but not severely fragmented population, it is considered to be Near Threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Tanysiptera carolinae is endemic to the island of Numfor (330 km2) in Geelvink Bay, Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Indonesia, where it is common and widespread.

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is a single subpopulation, restricted to the island of Numfor. The population size has apparently not been quantified.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in all lowland habitats on Numfor, including beach vegetation and highly degraded forest (Beehler et al. 1986, D. Gibbs verbally 2000).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Much of the forest on Numfor has already been destroyed or degraded by logging and subsistence farming (Bishop 1982, K. D. Bishop in litt. 1996).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
No protected area currently exists on Numfor, although a reserve has been proposed (Diamond 1986).

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct ecological studies to determine the habitat requirements of this species, and whether it can persist in areas where natural forest habitats are completely removed. Support plans to establish a nature reserve on Numfor.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Tanysiptera carolinae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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