Todiramphus australasia


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Todiramphus australasia
Species Authority: (Vieillot, 1818)
Common Name(s):
English Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, Cinnamon-backed Kingfisher, Lesser Sunda Kingfisher
Halcyon australasia australasia Collar and Andrew (1988)
Todirhamphus australasia australasia Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Todirhamphus australasia australasia Collar et al. (1994)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N., Taylor, J.
This species is listed as Near Threatened as it has a moderately small and fragmented population which is likely to be declining owing to habitat loss.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Todiramphus australasia is restricted to four Endemic Bird Areas (Northern Nusa Tenggara, Sumba, Timor and Wetar, and the Banda Sea Islands, the first three with nominate australasia, the last one with subspecies dammeriana and odites), in Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Its distribution within this fairly wide area is, however, very patchy, and it is generally uncommon, although a recent visit to Wetar found the species to be widespread, occurring at all forest sites (Trainor et al. 2009).

Indonesia; Timor-Leste
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it has been described as generally uncommon.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is a closed-canopy specialist, occurring in monsoon forest at 0-700 m. It is also found in secondary habitats, such as gardens and cultivated areas, provided that sufficient canopy cover remains.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss and degradation seem likely to be considerable negative factors. On Wetar, pressure comes from agriculture, logging, mining and road-building, although much of the island is inaccessible (Trainor et al. 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations across its range to determine whether declines are occurring. Conduct ecological studies to determine its habitat requirements and tolerance of secondary habitats. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable forest at key sites, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Todiramphus australasia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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