Todiramphus lazuli


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Todiramphus lazuli
Species Authority: (Temminck, 1830)
Common Name(s):
English Lazuli Kingfisher
Halcyon lazuli lazuli Collar and Andrew (1988)
Todirhamphus lazuli lazuli Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Todirhamphus lazuli lazuli Collar et al. (1994)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.
This restricted-range species is considered Near Threatened because it is thought to have a single, small or moderately small population. It is currently assumed to be stable, but could be susceptible to the effects of habitat loss and exploitation by trappers.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Todiramphus lazuli occurs in Indonesia, where it is restricted to the island of Seram, as well as small adjacent islands of Ambon and Haruku (BirdLife International 2001). Although it is common in some areas, it is sparsely distributed and absent from many sites with apparently suitable habitat (Poulsen 2004). It occurs largely on the coast, and is apparently absent from much of the interior of Seram.

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population size of this species has not been quantified; it is considered uncommon to locally common. More research is required.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is recorded from forest edges, secondary growth and cleared areas with scattered trees (habitat that is gradually increasing in extent). Many recent records also come from open farmland, and there are apparently no records from the interior of primary forest (Poulsen 2004). It nests in arboreal termite nests, many of which are now found in coconut plantations (Poulsen 2004).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Despite fears that it might be suffering from habitat loss, this species appears to thrive in heavily degraded coastal habitats. However, it remains scarce and patchily distributed, and is potentially declining due to localised pressure from trapping (Poulsen 2004).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct detailed studies of its ecological requirements, including habitat associations, in order to understand its scarcity in many apparently suitable areas. Conduct repeated surveys of sites throughout the range in order to monitor population trends. Assess the threat posed by trapping pressure. If found to be a significant threat, try to reduce trapping pressure through education and awareness campaigns.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Todiramphus lazuli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 July 2015.
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