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Troglocaris anophthalmus 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Malacostraca Decapoda Atyidae

Scientific Name: Troglocaris anophthalmus (Kollar, 1848)
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Taxonomic Source(s): Sket, B. and Zaksek, V. 2009. European cave shrimp species (Decapoda: Caridea: Atyidae), redefined after a phylogenetic sudy; redefinition of some taxa, a new genus and four new Troglocaris species. Zoological journal of the Linnean Society 155: 786-818.
Taxonomic Notes: The species comprises six distinct evolutionary lineages, which have been formally recognised as subspecies (Sket and Zaksek 2009, Jugovic et al. 2012).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2013-01-19
Assessor(s): De Grave, S.
Reviewer(s): Cumberlidge, N. & Smith, K.
Justification:
The species is known from around 80 caves, ranging from the border between Italy and Slovenia southwards to Bosnia & Herzegovina (Sket and Zaksek 2009, Jugovic et al. 2012). In general, the Dinaric karst caves are threatened by quarrying/mining, road and railway construction, as well as increased water abstraction for agricultural purposes, diversion of water for hydro-electrical schemes and potential run-off of herbicides, pesticides and nutrients from increased agricultural practices (Prelovsek and Hajna 2011).  As it is not known if these threats affect the particular caves or the surrounding areas from which the species is reported, and the species occurs over a large area and is not close to meeting any of the criteria to be considered as threatened, it is considered to be of Least Concern.  However, the species comprises of a minimum of six discrete evolutionary lineages, which have been formally described as subspecies (Sket and Zaksek 2009, Jugovic et al. 2012). Each of these is range restricted to or known from few caves.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

The species is known from around 80 caves, ranging from the border between Italy and Slovenia southwards to Bosnia & Herzegovina (Sket and Zaksek 2009, Jugovic et al. 2012).

Countries occurrence:
Native:
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Slovenia
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:No information is available.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species lives in karst caves.
Systems:Freshwater
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is not utilised.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

In general, the Dinaric karst caves are threatened by quarrying/mining, road and railway construction, as well as increased water abstraction for agricultural purposes, diversion of water for hydro-electrical schemes and potential run-off of herbicides, pesticides and nutrients from increased agricultural practices (Prelovsek and Hajna 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No specific conservation actions are in place.

Citation: De Grave, S. 2013. Troglocaris anophthalmus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T22267A19013927. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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