Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Telmatobiidae

Scientific Name: Telmatobius zapahuirensis
Species Authority: Veloso, Sallaberry A., Navarro, Iturra-C., Valencia, Penna & Díaz, 1982
Common Name(s):
English Zapahuira Water Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-21
Assessor(s): Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2 and its Area Of Occupancy is less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in Parinacota Province, northern Chile.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Critically Endangered (CR)
1996 Data Deficient (DD)
1994 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only at the type locality on the western slopes of the northern Chilean Andes: Zapahuira, Parinacota Province (18° 20'S; 69° 36'W), at 3,400 m asl. It might occur more widely, but it is likely to have a very small range.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 3400
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population surviving at the type locality is small, and underwent a steep decline following the construction of a nearby dam.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a riparian, semi-aquatic species, occurring in streams and small rivers in the high Andes; breeding takes place in streams.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The only known locality is close to human villages, where the species occurs in streams that have been modified by peasants for agriculture, suggesting some limited ability to adapt to human disturbance. A known major threat to the species has been the construction of the nearby dam for human water consumption. Although not yet recorded, chytridiomycosis is a possible future threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It does not occur in any protected areas. Close monitoring of the population status of this species is needed.

Citation: Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez. 2010. Telmatobius zapahuirensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T21585A9292840. . Downloaded on 06 October 2015.
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