Taphozous perforatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Emballonuridae

Scientific Name: Taphozous perforatus É. Geoffroy, 1818
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Egyptian Tomb Bat, African Taphozous, Geoffroy's Tomb Bat, Perforated Taphozous Bat, Tomb Bat
Taphozous sudani Thomas 1915
Taphozous sudani australis Harrison 1962
Taphozous sudani rhodesia Harrison 1964
Taxonomic Notes: Simmons (2005) recognized three subspecies: Taphozous perforatus haedinus Thomas, 1916; T. p. sudani Thomas, 1915; and T. p. senegalensis Desmarest, 1820.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-31
Assessor(s): Monadjem, A., Molur, S., Hutson, A.M., Amr, Z.S.S., Kock, D., Mickleburgh, S. & Bergmans, W.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
This bat is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The Egyptian tomb bat occurs widely throughout northern and sub-Saharan Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Asia, east to the Indian Subcontinent. In sub-Saharan Africa, records extend along the Nile and east to Ethiopia and northern Somalia, and west to Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, and northern Nigeria, and south to Kenya (including Lamu island), Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. In southwest Asia, it has been recorded from Israel, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman. In South Asia, this species is presently known to be widely distributed from southern Pakistan (Roberts 1997) and western India (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan) (Bates and Harrison 1997, Molur et al. 2002) and recently reported from central Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh (Chakraborty et al. 2004). It has been recorded up to 200 m Asl.
Countries occurrence:
Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Djibouti; Egypt; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Israel; Kenya; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Somalia; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Yemen; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is common in parts of its African range, but is less common elsewhere. It is found in small colonies (between six to eight individuals) in the southern African subregion (Skinner and Chimimba 2005). In South Asia the abundance, population size and trends for this species are not known, and the species has only been recorded from a few localities (Bates and Harrison 1997).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is associated throughout its range with open woodland, avoiding forest, semi-desert and desert areas. It tends to be found along rivers in wooded savanna. It requires the shelter of rocks or stone buildings in which to roost during the day (Skinner and Chimimba 2005). In the Arabian Peninsula animals have been recorded roosting in castles, forts, deep caverns and sea caves, with animals foraging among palm groves and gardens (Harrison and Bates 1991). In South Asia this species is found in arid climes and prefers tropical thorn forests. It roosts in small to large colonies ranging from a few individuals to thousands of individuals in caves, darker areas of old forts, mosques, large old wells, artificial tunnels, old disused buildings, and shares its roost with Rhinopoma spp. It feeds on moths and beetles (Bates and Harrison 1997).
Generation Length (years):2.16

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Human disturbance has been highlighted as a threat to the Egyptian tomb bat, but overall it is unlikely that this species is significantly threatened across its very wide range. In South Asia it is threatened by clearing of thorn forests for agricultural purposes, from mining and stone quarrying. Roost disturbance due to human interference and development of old buildings for tourism purposes is also considered a serious threat (C. Srinivasulu pers. comm., Molur et al. 2002).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in many protected areas, and no direct conservation measures are currently needed for the species as a whole. The species has not been recorded from any protected areas in Pakistan or India. Being a poorly understood species in the region, more studies on distribution, abundance, reproduction and ecology are recommended (Molur et al. 2002).

Citation: Monadjem, A., Molur, S., Hutson, A.M., Amr, Z.S.S., Kock, D., Mickleburgh, S. & Bergmans, W. 2017. Taphozous perforatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T21463A22110577. . Downloaded on 23 September 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided