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Taphozous longimanus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA EMBALLONURIDAE

Scientific Name: Taphozous longimanus
Species Authority: Hardwicke, 1825
Common Name/s:
English Longed-winged Tomb Bat, Long-winged Tomb Bat
Synonym/s:
Taphozous brevicaudus Blyth, 1841
Taphozous cantorii Blyth, 1842
Taphozous fulvidus Blyth, 1841

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Bates, P., Francis, C., Kingston, T., Gumal, M. & Walston, J.
Reviewer/s: Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, it occurs in a number of protected areas, has a tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
History:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is widespread in South Asia and Southeast Asia. In South Asia, it has been recorded from Bangladesh (location unknown) (Khan 2001, Srinivasulu and Srinivasulu 2005), India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal), Nepal (location unknown [Bates and Harrison 1997]) and Sri Lanka (Eastern, Northern, Uva and Western provinces) (Srinivasulu et al. in press; Molur et al. 2002). In Southeast Asia, it ranges from Myanmar in the west, into northern Thailand and Cambodia. It is present in Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa and Flores and is also present on the island of Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia). The eastern limit of the distribution in Southeast Asia is uncertain, however, the species has yet to be recorded from either Lao PDR or Viet Nam (P. Bates pers. comm.). It has been recorded to occur up to 1,200 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Bangladesh; Cambodia; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Thailand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In South Asia, it is widespread living in large colonies in the hundreds. In many places the populations are considered to be stable (C. Srinivasulu pers. comm.). In Southeast Asia, the species is locally common, with colonies consisting of hundreds of bats in Cambodia (G. Csorba pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Throughout its range this species is found in varied habitats from arid areas to humid zones. It roosts in caves, old tunnels, caves created due to mud excavation, old forts, dungeons (C. Srinivauslu pers. comm.), large wells, hollows and crowns of trees, eaves of houses. It roosts in colonies from single animals to hundreds of bats. It is an early and fast flyer and feeds on cockroaches and beetles. There are two breeding seasons-one in mid January and the other in mid May (Bates and Harrison 1997).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overall there appear to be no major threats to this species. In South Asia, some populations may be threatened due to disturbance to roosting sites by humans (Molur et al. 2002), while in Southeast Asia, disturbance from guano mining is a localised threat to some populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In South Asia, although there are no direct conservation measures in place, the species is reported from Hazaribagh National Park in Jharkhand and Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh (Molur et al. 2002), and it is likely to be present in most of the protected areas in peninsular India (C. Srinivasulu pers. comm.). In Southeast Asia, in view of its wide range it probably occurs in some protected areas. Further studies are needed into the taxonomy, distribution, abundance, reproduction and ecology of this species. Populations of this species should be monitored to record changes in abundance and distribution (Molur et al. 2002).
Citation: Bates, P., Francis, C., Kingston, T., Gumal, M. & Walston, J. 2008. Taphozous longimanus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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