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Taphozous kapalgensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA EMBALLONURIDAE

Scientific Name: Taphozous kapalgensis
Species Authority: McKean & Friend, 1979
Common Name(s):
English Arnhem Sheath-tailed Bat, Arnham Tomb Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Woinarski, J., Lumsden, L. & Milne, D.
Reviewer(s): Lamoreux, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team), Racey, P.A., Medellín, R. & Hutson, A.M. (Chiroptera Red List Authority)
Justification:
This species is listed as Least Concern. Even if Pandanus were found to be an important roosting habitat for this species, this bat is widespread, and presumably has a large enough population, that fire or other threats are unlikely to cause significant declines.
History:
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in wet-dry tropics of the western Top End of the Northern Territory, Australia (Milne et al. 2003), but is likely to occur in the eastern Top End as well. It also extends into north-eastern Western Australia (L. Lumsden pers. comm.).
Countries:
Native:
Australia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species has been recorded from a total of 19 sites, however, the species is probably difficult to detect and it is likely to be more common than records suggest (Milne et al. 2003).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It has been recorded from floodplains, mangroves, patchy monsoon forests, and nearby woodlands. The roosting habitats are not clear. Because it has been recorded in the Northern Territory up to 70 km from the nearest rocky habitats, it is likely to roost in tree hollows or similar situations (Milne et al. 2003), and some Aboriginal people claim that it roosts at the base of Pandanus leaves. The species flies above the tree canopy, but it may be found closer to the ground in open areas (Milne and McKean 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats to the species include large-scale modification from invasion of large areas of coastal floodplain by introduced plant species, replacement of natural floodplain vegetation with introduced pasture species, degradation of habitats by Water Buffalo, and saltwater intrusion into the coastal plains resulting in the deaths of large stands of Melaleuca trees (Milne et al. 2003). If this species was found to roost in Pandanus, then fire may also be a threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded from Kakadu National Park (Milne and McKean 2008). It is also found in Fogg Dam Conservation Reserve and Point Stuart Coastal Reserve (Woinarski and Milne 2005). Further studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, natural history, and threats to this little-known species, particularly regarding roost sites.

Citation: Woinarski, J., Lumsden, L. & Milne, D. 2008. Taphozous kapalgensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 July 2014.
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