Tadarida aegyptiaca 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Molossidae

Scientific Name: Tadarida aegyptiaca (É. Geoffroy, 1818)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Egyptian Free-tailed Bat, Egyptian Guano Bat, Egyptian Nyctinome

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-31
Assessor(s): Monadjem, A., Jacobs, D., Cotterill, W., Hutson, A.M., Mickleburgh, S., Bergmans, W. & Fahr, J.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
Broadly distributed and locally common, hence is listed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Found throughout Africa, and in the Arabian peninsula through to India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

In the Mediterranean region there are isolated records from southern Morocco and western Algeria but it is more widely distributed in Egypt along the Nile River valley eastwards to the Red Sea coast and south to the Sudanese border. The species is thought to be more widely distributed than is currently known and may well occur elsewhere in the region.

In South Asia, this widely distributed species is presently known from Afghanistan (Kabul Province) (Habibi 2003), Bangladesh (no exact location) (Khan 2001, Srinivasulu and Srinivasulu 2005), India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal), Pakistan (Punjab and Sind) and Sri Lanka (Central and Uva Provinces) (Molur et al. 2002).

This bat is found at altitudes ranging from sea level to 2,100 m Asl.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Bangladesh; Botswana; Egypt; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Kenya; Lesotho; Morocco; Namibia; Oman; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2100
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is widespread and common in its South Asian range, where its population seems to be stable (Molur et al. 2002).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in varied habitat types from arid areas to humid hills and valleys. It roosts under banner boards, crevices in caves, cliff faces, large boulders and rocks, narrow spaces between pillars, walls, crevices in old buildings, temples, and forts, either in small groups of 2 or 3 individuals to hundreds and thousands of individuals. It is a late and fast flyer, hunts in the air and also gleans the ground for ground dwelling insects. It feeds on beetles, moths, orthoptera, wasps, winged termites, flies, caterpillars, spiders, water beetles, and other large insects. A single young is born (Bates and Harrison 1997).
Generation Length (years):3.91

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No serious threats other than roost disturbance from human interference is noted for this species (Molur et al. 2002). Pesticides used against locusts are a threat as for all bat species found in the Saharan belt.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is protected by national legislation in some of the Mediterranean range states as well as in South Africa. It is likely to be found in protected areas.

A survey using bat detectors should be undertaken to help clarify the distribution limits and population size of this species as it is probably more widespread than current records indicate. A study on the impacts of pesticides is required, especially ways in which the impact might be minimised.

Citation: Monadjem, A., Jacobs, D., Cotterill, W., Hutson, A.M., Mickleburgh, S., Bergmans, W. & Fahr, J. 2017. Tadarida aegyptiaca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T21312A22115459. . Downloaded on 24 September 2018.
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