Suboestophora altamirai


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Suboestophora altamirai
Species Authority: Ortiz de Zarate, 1962
Taxonomic Notes: This species was originally described as Oestophora (Suboestophora) tarraconensis altamirai, dedicated to Carlos Altimira. Martínez-Ortí (1999) proposed to correct this mistake by naming this species as S. altimirai.

Suboestophora altimirai
was considered a subspecies of S. tarraconensis. Based on anatomical studies of the reproductive system, the taxon has been raised to the species level (Martínez-Ortí 1995).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-09-06
Assessor(s): Martínez-Ortí, A.
Reviewer(s): Gomez, B., Arrébola, J., Lutz, M.L., Nichols, C. & Neubert, E.
This species is endemic to Castellón province, Spain, where is has a restricted Area of occupancy (AOO = 400 km2) and Extent of occurrence (EOO = 2,000 km2). It is known from only two locations. The main past and current threats are fires, urban expansion (housing), widening of roads and deforestation for road and path construction. These threats are causing a decline in the quality and extent of parts of its habitat, but not a continuous decline across all of its habitat. In the future fires and housing could potentially significantly affect this species and it is therefore listed as Vulnerable (VU D2).
1996 Lower Risk/near threatened (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Spain where it is restricted to the Castellón province.
Spain (Spain (mainland))
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are no population studies of this species, but the population is thought to be stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives under stones, trunks and humus, in pinnates and groves of evergreen oaks, as well as at the entrance of caves. It is found between altitudes of 260 and 640 m and is frequent on silicon substrates.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is collected for shell specimens.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to this species are fires and urban expansion (housing). Quarries, extension of roads, temperature extremes, drought and collecting of shells are other potential threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is found in several regional parks, however the protection of this habitat and of the known populations of this species is recommended. A conservation plan is considered to be necessary, and research relating to the population trends are needed.

Citation: Martínez-Ortí, A. 2013. Suboestophora altamirai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.
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