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Spilocuscus rufoniger

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_onStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA DIPROTODONTIA PHALANGERIDAE

Scientific Name: Spilocuscus rufoniger
Species Authority: (Zimara, 1937)
Common Name(s):
English Black-spotted Cuscus
French Couscous À Taches Noires

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A4cd ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Leary, T., Singadan, R., Menzies, J., Helgen, K., Allison, A., James, R., Flannery, T., Aplin, K., Dickman, C. & Salas, L.
Reviewer(s): Lamoreux, J. & Hilton-Taylor, C. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a suspected population decline in excess of 80% over three generations (i.e., 15 years) (the last five years and next ten years) due to levels of exploitation and habitat loss (especially oil palm concessions and logging concessions).
History:
1996 Endangered
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)
1988 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
1982 Rare (Thornback and Jenkins 1982)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is widespread, though patchily distributed, in the northern part of the island of New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Most of the records are very old. It has been recorded from sea level to 1,200 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Spilocuscus rufoniger is a rare species. It has been extirpated from parts of its range through overhunting and its intolerance to human disturbance.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species prefers primary lowland and lower-montane tropical forests. It is also less commonly found in secondary forest. It is most likely nocturnal (L. Salas pers. comm.).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is hunted for food and cultural reasons.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by preferential hunting by local people for food and cultural reasons, and also by conversion of forest to cultivated land. While it has declined where it comes into contact with people, a large part of its range is uninhabited. The west Papuan area has been impacted by the influx of Javan people, and large areas of habitat have been transformed by agriculture. There are also logging concessions and oil palm activities planned for parts of the area.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas in Indonesia and a management area in Papua New Guinea. There is a need to conserve important populations of this species. Public awareness and hunting restrictions will be essential for the conservation of this species. Further research into its numbers, distribution, ecology, threats, harvest levels, and conservation measures are all important.

Citation: Leary, T., Singadan, R., Menzies, J., Helgen, K., Allison, A., James, R., Flannery, T., Aplin, K., Dickman, C. & Salas, L. 2008. Spilocuscus rufoniger. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 August 2014.
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