Speleomantes imperialis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Speleomantes imperialis
Species Authority: (Stefani, 1969)
Common Name(s):
English Imperial Cave Salamander, Scented Cave Salamander
Taxonomic Notes: Lanza et al. (2001) described Speleomantes imperialis sarrabusensis, but it was elevated to full species status by Carranza et al. (2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Franco Andreone, Roberta Lecis, Paul Edgar, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)
Listed as Near Threatened since although its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 5,000 km2 and its habitat might be declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Endangered, it probably occurs in more than ten locations, and its range is probably not severely fragmented.
2008 Near Threatened

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the provinces of Nuoro, Oristano and Cagliari in central and eastern Sardinia, Italy. The populations in the Sette Fratelli Mountains east of Cagliari are now considered to be a separate species, Speleomantes sarrabusensis. It is found at altitudes between 7 and 1,170m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common within its limited range (Gasc et al. (eds.) 1997).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in humid rocky outcrops, caves, crevices, and forested areas in the vicinity of streams. It reproduces through the direct development of a few terrestrial eggs.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats identified other than general localized habitat loss and illegal collection.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded from Parco Nazionale Gennargentu e Golfo di Orosei and Parco Naturale Regionale del Monte Sette Fratelli, and it is likely to occur in Parco Naturale Regionala della Giara di Gesturi. This species is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and is also listed on Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive.

Citation: Franco Andreone, Roberta Lecis, Paul Edgar, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano 2009. Speleomantes imperialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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