Pinus nigra ssp. nigra


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pinus nigra ssp. nigra
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Austrian Pine, Black Pine
Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold subspecies croatica Lovric

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-08-12
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Luscombe, D
The very wide distribution and abundance of this subspecies places it well beyond a category of threat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Widely distributed in eastern Europe occurring in eastern Austria; the Balkan Peninsula; Bulgaria; Romania; and Turkey-in-Europe.
Albania; Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia, Serbia); Slovenia; Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is thought to be stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This nominate subspecies is common at middle elevations in the eastern Alps and the mountains of SE Europe, where it is forming either pure stands or mixed forests with Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies, sometimes with Fagus sylvatica, although the beeches will outcompete the pines if the forest is left undisturbed.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Austrian Pine is an important timber tree in Europe and has been planted widely for this purpose, although the Corsican Pine is often preferred.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No range wide threats have been identified. Wildfires may be locally problematic, especially in areas where droughts occur.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Known from a number of protected areas throughout its range.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus nigra ssp. nigra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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