|Scientific Name:||Stachys palustris L.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Leaman, D.J. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
This species is classified as Least Concern as it is widespread and common and there are no major known threats.
|Range Description:||Stachys palustris is native throughout Europe, temperate Asia, India and Pakistan (USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program 2012).|
Native:Albania; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland)); Latvia; Lithuania; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia, European Russia, Kaliningrad, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
|Population:||It is common throughout Europe but less frequent in southern Europe (Castroviejo et al. 2010).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Stachys palustris is a medium to tall hairy, aromatic perennial found in intermittently flooded and poorly drained soils, in damp habitats, along margins of rivers, streams, canals, ponds, ditches, fens, marshes and swamps and as a weed in cultivated fields and arable land (Senatore et al. 2007, Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora 2012, Blamey and Grey-Wilson 2003, Catsroviejo et al. 2010). It provides pollen for bees and is subsequently pollinated by bees (Chittka and Schürkens 2001). |
|Use and Trade:||All parts of the plant release an unpleasant smell when bruised. The leaves, roots and seeds are edible and are considered to be a wholesome and nutritious food. The tubers are harvested in autumn, dried and ground into powder to make bread and the tubers can also be eaten raw or cooked and have a pleasant mild nutty flavour. As an alternative to asparagus, the young shoots are edible. The flowered aerial parts are harvested and dried when in bloom as they are antiseptic, antispasmodic, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, haemostatic, nervine, sedative, tonic and vulnerary agents. It is used to stop internal and external bleeding, treatment of wounds, gout, cramps and joint pains. The plant is known to contain the active compounds iridoids, flavanoids, phenolic acid, steroids and tannins. The essential oil can be obtained from the aerial parts (Senatore et al. 2007).|
The threats to this species are not known.
It is listed as Near Threatened on the national red list of Switzerland (Moser et al. 2002), but Least Concern in Denmark (NERI 2007), Estonia (eBiodiversity Estonia 2012), Germany (Ludwig and Schnittler 1996), Luxembourg (Colling 2005), Norway (Artsdatabanken 2010) and the United Kingdom (Cheffings and Farrell 2005).
|Citation:||Khela, S. 2012. Stachys palustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T203274A2762732.Downloaded on 24 March 2018.|
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