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Solenodon cubanus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA SOLENODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Solenodon cubanus
Species Authority: Peters, 1861
Common Name(s):
English Almiqui, Cuban Solenodon

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Soy, J. & Mancina, C.A.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Chanson, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, as well as the number of mature individuals due to predation by introduced species.
History:
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
1982 Endangered (Thornback and Jenkins 1982)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is only known from southeastern Cuba, however, remains have been found from Late Quaternary and Amerindian sites all over the island (Ottenwalder, 2001 in Hutterer, 2005).
Countries:
Native:
Cuba
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: By 1970, some thought that the Cuban solenodon had become extinct, since no specimens had been found since 1890. However, three were captured in 1974 and 1975, and subsequent surveys showed that it still occurred in many places in central and western Oriente Province, at the eastern end of Cuba. However, it is rare everywhere. It is considered to be even more rare than S. paradoxus (pers. comm. Carlos A. Mancina).

The last alive specimens of S. cubanus were found in Sierra del Cristal National Park in 1998 and Alexander Humboldt National Park in 2003, Holguin Province. One specimen was found dead in 2005 (pers. comm. Juan Soy).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The Cuban solenodon is found in dense, humid forests and brush country. Small frogs, insects and spiders, found in soil and in leaf litter form most of its diet. Solenodons obtain food by rooting in the ground with their snouts and by tearing into rotten logs and trees with their foreclaws. This species is mainly nocturnal, hiding during the day in rock clefts, hollow trees, or burrows which it excavates itself. Adult Cuban solenodons are solitary, other than mothers with young. Litter size is 1 or 2 young. The young are born in a nesting burrow. Young remain with their mother for several months (Varona, 1980; Ottenwalder, 2001 in Hutterer, 2005; pers. comm. Juan Soy).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Feral dogs and cats are probably the greatest threat to this species. In addition to predation by introduced predators, habitat loss is also a factor contributing to the solenodon's rarity. The Cuban solenodon is not hunted for food.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species has been recorded from Pico Cristal and Alexander Humboldt National Parks.

Citation: Soy, J. & Mancina, C.A. 2008. Solenodon cubanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 October 2014.
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