|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma zonale|
|Species Authority:||(Cope, 1868)|
Poecilichthys zonalis Cope, 1868
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||Range includes three disjunct regions: Lake Michigan and Mississippi River basins from northwestern Michigan to Minnesota, south to northwestern Indiana and central Illinois; Ohio River basin from southwestern New York to eastern Indiana, south to northern Georgia and northern Alabama; Ozark-Ouachita drainages of southern Missouri, southeastern Kansas, Arkansas, and eastern Oklahoma (Page and Burr 2011). Introduced in Savannah River headwaters, South Carolina, and in the Susquehanna River, New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland (Page and Burr 2011).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations)
Total adult population size is unknown but very large. This species is common in much of its range, locally abundant (Page and Burr 2011).
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes rocky riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Page and Burr 2011); streams of moderate gradient with bottoms of coarse gravel to rubble, often at depths over 25 cm at or near midchannel. In Arkansas, spawning occurred in runs about 0.6-1.6 meters deep with moderate current velocities (Walters 1994). Trautman (1981) reported spawning at depths of less than 0.6 meters. Eggs are laid on algae and moss growing on stones and boulders in riffles or runs (Becker 1983, Walters 1994).|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma zonale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.|
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