|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma swannanoa|
|Species Authority:||Jordan & Evermann, 1889|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
This species has a somewhat small extent of occurrence, but is listed as Least Concern in view of the large number of subpopulations, large population size, probably stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||Range includes upper Tennessee River tributaries of the Blue Ridge region, in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia (Page and Burr 2011).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations) (Menhinick 1991, Etnier and Starnes 1993).
Total adult population size is unknown but apparently quite large. This species is common, especially in the French Broad and Little Pigeon systems (Page and Burr 2011), though generally uncommon in Virginia (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994).
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely to be relatively stable.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes swift rubble riffles of small to medium rivers (Page and Burr 2011); cool, upland and montane, small to medium rivers; in swift rubble-boulder riffles (Kuehne and Barbour 1983). Spawning occurs apparently in rubble-gravel riffles.|
|Major Threat(s):||Some habitat has been lost as a result of mining activities and reservoir creation, but currently no major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma swannanoa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 July 2014.|
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