|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma parvipinne|
|Species Authority:||Gilbert & Swain, 1887|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/s:||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern because extent of occurrence, number of subpopulations, and population size are relatively large, and because the species probably is not declining fast enough to qualify for any of the threatened categories.
|Range Description:||Range includes North American Gulf Slope streams from the Colorado River drainage (Alum Creek) in Texas to the Flint River in Georgia; Atlantic Slope in Ocmulgee River system, Georgia; Former Mississippi Embayment north to southeastern Missouri and western Kentucky (Page and Burr 2011).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations). Bart and Taylor (1999) mapped about 150 collection sites. In Missouri, Winston (2002) collected 106 individuals at 15 sites on 6 streams.
Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000. This species is common in the western part of the range, less common and spotty in the eastern part. In general, it is fairly common (Page and Burr 2011).
Trend over the past three generations is uncertain but probably relatively stable or slowly declining.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes clay- and sand-bottomed runs and pools of vegetated, spring-fed headwaters and creeks (Page and Burr 1991). This darter occurs in or near springs, in small sluggish streams, and occasionally in seepages adjacent to small springs; it is associated with detritus and aquatic vegetation in some places, sluggish gravel riffles in others (Kuehne and Barbour 1983). Evidently eggs are attached to objects near the bottom or on the substrate (Johnston 1994).|
Localized threats exist, but on a range-wide scale no major threats are known. Local threats include habitat destruction due to development. In Missouri, streams without goldstripe darters were associated with human modifications such as gravel mining, small impoundments, household effluent, and pipe culverts (Winston 2002).
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma parvipinne. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.|
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