|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma caeruleum|
|Species Authority:||Storer, 1845|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/s:||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||Range includes the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from Minnesota to southern Ontario and New York, south to northern Arkansas, northern Alabama, and northern Georgia; disjunct populations occur along the lower Mississippi River in eastern Louisiana and southwestern Mississippi and in the upper Potomac River drainage (Atlantic Slope), West Virginia; abundant (Page and Burr 2011).|
Native:Canada; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).
Total adult population size is unknown but quite large (likely greater than 100,000). This darter is regarded as abundant (Page and Burr 2011).
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes gravel and rubble riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Page and Burr 2011). Adults occur in fast and deep riffles, young in quiet shallow riffles and small pools. Eggs are laid in gravel in riffles.|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma caeruleum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.|
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