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Ephedra compacta

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA GNETOPSIDA EPHEDRALES EPHEDRACEAE

Scientific Name: Ephedra compacta
Species Authority: Rose

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-16
Assessor/s: Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer/s: Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Justification:
Even without the reported outlying population in Baja California, the range of this species is much larger than the threshold for a threatened category. Overgrazing may be an issue in some parts of the range, but it is not thought to be causing a continuing decline. Hence this species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Mexico. Mostly distributed in the central regions, but also more recently reported from a single record in Baja California (Reina 2002-226). Occurs from 250 m to 2,800 m.
Countries:
Native:
Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, México Distrito Federal, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is not known but has been reported as scattered and abundant.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A shrub found in mattoral, scrub, grassy plains, rocky slopes often on calcareous substrate or gravelly soil. Associated with Juniper, Nolina, Larrea tridentata, Flourencia cernue, Yucca decipiens, Berberis trifoliolata, Prosopis juliflora, Lycium sp. Lesquerella fendlerI, Verbena sp., Cylindropuntia imbricta, C. leptocaulis, Opuntia neochrysacantha, O. rastrera, Agave lechuguilla and Koeberlinia.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The stems of this plant are grazed by goats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The majority of known collections are not from within protected areas, but some populations do occur in reserves such as the Tehuacan-Cuicatlan Biosphere Reserve. There are no reported ex situ seed bank or botanical gardens collections.
Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra compacta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.
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