Ephedra compacta 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra compacta Rose

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-16
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Even without the reported outlying population in Baja California, the range of this species is much larger than the threshold for a threatened category. Overgrazing may be an issue in some parts of the range, but it is not thought to be causing a continuing decline. Hence this species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Mexico. Mostly distributed in the central regions, but also more recently reported from a single record in Baja California (Reina 2002-226). Occurs from 250 m to 2,800 m.
Countries occurrence:
Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, México Distrito Federal, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):250
Upper elevation limit (metres):2800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Population size is not known but has been reported as scattered and abundant.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A shrub found in mattoral, scrub, grassy plains, rocky slopes often on calcareous substrate or gravelly soil. Associated with Juniper, Nolina, Larrea tridentata, Flourencia cernue, Yucca decipiens, Berberis trifoliolata, Prosopis juliflora, Lycium sp. Lesquerella fendlerI, Verbena sp., Cylindropuntia imbricta, C. leptocaulis, Opuntia neochrysacantha, O. rastrera, Agave lechuguilla and Koeberlinia.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010). Tannins are extracted from stems. The stems used to treat kidney disorders in humans.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The stems of this plant are grazed by goats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The majority of known collections are not from within protected areas, but some populations do occur in reserves such as the Tehuacan-Cuicatlan Biosphere Reserve. There are no reported ex situ seed bank or botanical gardens collections.

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra compacta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201707A9170272. . Downloaded on 17 July 2018.
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