Ephedra monosperma


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Ephedra monosperma
Species Authority: J.G.Gmel. ex C.A.Mey
Ephedra minima K.S.Hao

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-19
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Occurs over a wide range in a variety of habitats. The species is under no specific threat at present and is therefore rated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Distributed in Central Asia from Siberia (Russian Federation) to China. Occurs from 2,600 m to 4,200 m.
China (Beijing, Chongqing, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Tibet [or Xizang], Xinjiang, Yunnan); Mongolia; Russian Federation (Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutiya)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Common in the northeastern and eastern regions: Yakutia, Chita, Buryatia, Krasnoyarsk and the northern part of Tuva, but absent from Altai and very rare in the south of Tuva (Peschkova 2005).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A small shrub, found growing in crevices of limestone, rocky slopes and cliffs, sometimes on slopes of river valleys among rocks, often with sparse Juniperus and shrub vegetation or dry pine forest. Flowers from May.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: E. monosperma is known to occur in numerous botanic gardens. Its range overlaps many protected areas.

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra monosperma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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