Ephedra pachyclada 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Gnetopsida Ephedrales Ephedraceae

Scientific Name: Ephedra pachyclada
Species Authority: Boiss.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-09-19
Assessor(s): Bell, A. & Bachman, S.
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.
Distributed over a wide area and under no major threats at present, E. pachyclada is rated as Least Concern. It occurs in several protected areas and is known from recent collections indicating it is extant and stable at present.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Distributed from Sinai to Pakistan including the Zagros range in Iran and extending south to Yemen and Oman.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Egypt (Sinai); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Israel; Jordan; Oman; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; Yemen (North Yemen)
Lower elevation limit (metres): 120
Upper elevation limit (metres): 4800
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Exact population size is not known and abundance is variable across the range; considered common in some regions and less frequent in others.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Small dense shrub, normally found in the montane to alpine zones of dry areas, but can also be associated with shrublands and woodlands. Associated with Pistacia khinjuk, Artemisia and Juniperus/Olea woodlands. Flowers from May to June.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system (Plants for a Future 2010). Also used in tanning and fruits are edible (Sahni 1990).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: E. pachyclada is known to occur in at least one botanic garden and seeds have been collected and stored as an ex situ conservation measure as part of the Millennium Seed Bank project. Some collections are found within protected areas.

Citation: Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra pachyclada. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T201673A9161564. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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