|Scientific Name:||Sciurus aureogaster|
|Species Authority:||F. Cuvier, 1829|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Koprowski, J., Roth, L., Reid, F., Woodman, N., Timm, R. & Emmons, L.|
|Reviewer/s:||McKnight, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)|
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, and because it does not appear to be under threat and is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species occurs from southwest and central Guatemala to Guanajuato, Nayarit and Nuevo Leon, Mexico (Thorington and Hoffmann 2005). It has been introduced to Elliot Key, Florida (Reid 1997). It occurs from lowlands to 3,800 m (Reid 1997).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is common where not hunted.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This squirrel occurs in most forested habitats including thorn scrub, deciduous and evergreen forest, dry pine-oak woodland, secondary forest, and plantations. In dry woodlands or forest it is most common, especially in those bordering agricultural areas (Reid 1997). It also occurs in urban areas.
This squirrel is diurnal and usually solitary. Individuals occupy distinct territories and may occur at densities of 0.7 individuals/ha (Coates-Estrada and Estrada 1986). It is mainly arboreal, but will come to the ground to feed or travel from tree to tree. Leaf nests are built on tree branches, 5 to 15 m above ground. In the lowlands, it feeds fruits and seeds of Ficus spp., Cecropia spp., Poulsenia armata, Brosimum alicastrum, and Astrocaryum mexicanum. Acorns and pine nuts are the staple foods of highland populations. Plantations of corn, mango, cacao, and tamarind are sometimes raided. It is usually silent, but sometimes makes raspy trills and harsh chatters. Females give birth to 2 to 4 young during the dry season; black and gray individuals may be born in the same litter (Reid 1997).
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known. Although not considered a major threat, in some areas this species is hunted for food or to prevent damage to corn and other crops (Reid 1997).|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures specific to this species. However, there are several protected areas within its range.|
|Citation:||Koprowski, J., Roth, L., Reid, F., Woodman, N., Timm, R. & Emmons, L. 2008. Sciurus aureogaster. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.|
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