Trachinotus ovatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Carangidae

Scientific Name: Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Pompano, Derbio, Short Dorsal Fin Pompano, Silverfish
French Hirondelle, Liche, Liche Glauque, Palomète, Palomine
Spanish Palometa Blanca, Pámpano, Pampano Blanco, Pámpano Blanco, Pamplano Blanca
Caesiomorus glauca (Linnaeus 1758)
Caesiomorus glaucus (Linnaeus 1758)
Caranx glaucus (Linnaeus 1758)
Centronotus binotatus Rafinesque 1810
Centronotus ovalis Lacepède 1801
Gasterosteus ovatus Linnaeus 1758
Glaucus rondeletii Bleeker 1863
Lichia glauca (Linnaeus 1758)
Lichia glaucus (Linnaeus 1758)
Lichia tetracantha Bowdich 1825
Scomber glaucus Linnaeus 1758
Trachinotus glaucus (Linnaeus 1758)
Trachinotus madeirensis Borodin 1934
Trachynotus glaucus (Linnaeus 1758)
Trachynotus ovatus (Linnaeus 1758)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2013-05-10
Assessor(s): Smith-Vaniz, W.F.
Reviewer(s): Weller, S., Strongin, K., Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is fairly common and locally abundant in some areas. It is caught in mixed-species fisheries throughout its range, and depending on the size, can have high value in markets. Aggregate catch landings for Trachinotus species indicate fluctuating catch with no clear trend. Based on mixed-species catches reported for carangids in the region, landings are fluctuating, but there is no current indication of decline in catch. More species-specific information on the population status, catch statistics, life history, biology and impact of major threats is needed. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:In the eastern Atlantic, this species is found from the Bay of Biscay, British and Scandinavian waters (rare vagrant) to Angola, including the Mediterranean Sea and offshore islands. In the Mediterranean basin T. ovatus occurs in Spanish waters (Dempster et al. 2002), the Ligurian sea (Tunesi et al. 2002, Molinari 2005), southern Tyrrhenian sea (La Mesa and Vacchi 1999), Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea (Celik and Oehlenshlager 2005) and Egyptian waters (Adbullah 2002). This species is apparently absent from the northern Adriatic Sea.
Countries occurrence:
Albania; Algeria; Angola; Belgium; Benin; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; France; Gabon; Gambia; Germany; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Guernsey; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jersey; Lebanon; Liberia; Libya; Malta; Mauritania; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; Nigeria; Norway; Portugal (Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Ascension, Saint Helena (main island)); Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Serbia; Sierra Leone; Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom; Western Sahara
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – eastern central; Mediterranean and Black Sea
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):200
Upper depth limit (metres):50
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is common but not abundant throughout most of its range. The population is stable in Turkey, at least during the last 10 years (M. Bilecenoglu pers. comm. 2007). It is found in experimental aquaculture in the Adriatic Sea. Abdallah (2002) surveyed Egyptian waters during eighteen cruises using commercial bottom trawlers in 1998. Fishing was carried out at depths of 30-200 m between 29° 30' and 30° 22' E and 45 specimens were caught from a total of 162 fishing hours, ranging from 3.4 to 23.3 cm TL.

In the Eastern Central Atlantic (ECA), this species is common throughout its range and can be locally abundant (Smith-Vaniz pers. comm. 2013). FAO aggregate catch statistics (Trachinotus species not elsewhere included) for countries in the Eastern Central Atlantic (Sierra Leone, Senegal, Gambia) and these indicate fluctuating catch with no clear trend. Based on the CECAF south working (FAO CECAF 2009), which covers Guinea Bissau to Angola, catch landings for Carangidae species from 1994-2008 show an increase up to 20,000 metric tonnes in 2001 and are stable until 2008, when they drop to 12,000 metric tons, but not all countries are reporting (FAO CECAF 2009). Based on ECA country reported landings to FAO for Carangids not elsewhere included, landings peaked between 1970 to 1980, averaging around 24,000 metric tonnes per year, and then in 1980 fell to an average of 18,000 metric tonnes per year, fluctuating between 16,000 and 18,000 per year and remaining relatively stable since.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Trachinotus ovatus is a pelagic species, moderately common in shallow water in areas of surge. It is generally found in clear waters (Ly et al. 1996), over sand or mud substrata (Reiner 1996). It forms schools (Ly et al. 1996). Small specimens are regularly caught at night from steep rocky shores. It feeds on small crustaceans, molluscs and fishes (Smith-Vaniz 1986).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is of minor commercial importance. It is used for aquaculture and is found in public aquariums.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This Atlanto-Mediterranean species is fished commercially. It is used for aquaculture and is found in public aquariums. It is usually caught by gill nets, surrounding nets, hand lines, beach seines and bottom long lines. Individuals will aggregate to feed upon food pellets lost through the cages of fish farms (Demspter et al. 2005).

In the Eastern Central Atlantic, catches for this species are not reported separately, and Carangid species are mainly caught in the inshore fishery using purse-seines and in both industrial and artisanal fisheries.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in marine protected areas (World Database on Protected Areas 2012).

Citation: Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2015. Trachinotus ovatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T198644A43155982. . Downloaded on 14 August 2018.
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