|Scientific Name:||Chelon bispinosus (Bowdich, 1825)|
Mugil bispinosus Bowdich, 1825
Mugil nigrostrigatus Günther, 1861
|Taxonomic Notes:||Chelon bispinosus and Chelon labrosus may be conspecific, but further review of the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean populations should be completed before declaring synonymisation (Harrison in press). Heemstra and Heemstra (2004) describes the taxonomy of the Mugilidae family as confused and the genera as obscurely defined.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Carpenter, K.E., Camara, K., Djiman, R., Sylla, M., Nunoo, F., Sagna, A., Sidibé, A, de Morais, L., Williams, A.B., Montiero, V. & Quartey, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Weller, S., Strongin, K. & Polidoro, B.|
Chelon bispinosus is distributed in the eastern Atlantic off of the Cape Verde Islands. It is common and is of minor importance in the fishery. There are no other known threats. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Chelon bispinosus is distributed in the eastern Atlantic off of the Cape Verde Islands in shallow coastal waters to depths of 20-30 m.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Atlantic – eastern central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||More research is needed regarding the current population size and trend of Chelon bispinosus. This species is common, and is of minor importance in the artisanal fisheries (Montiero pers. comm. 2013).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Chelon bispinosus is a pelagic fish with a maximum size of 18.4 cm SL that inhabits shallow coastal waters. Most species of Mugilidae are euryhaline and can be found in coastal fresh-marine waters, brackish lagoons and estuaries. They spawn offshore and feed by filtering benthic detritus for micro-algae, organic material, and small invertebrates. They are typically hardy and capable of rapid growth (Harrison in press).|
More research is needed regarding the habitats, ecology and life history of C. bispinosus.
|Use and Trade:||Chelon bispinosus is caught with trammel nets and beach seines and marketed fresh as a foodfish. Species of Mugilidae comprise a relatively important fishery dominated by subsistence and small-scale fisheries. According to FAO FishStat Plus, the total fishery production for mullets in the eastern central Atlantic was 30,257 tons in 2010. Some species are utilized in aquaculture. Nigeria reported an aquaculture production of mullets from 200-1,512 tons between the years 1990-1995, however, no records exist past those years (Harrison in press).|
Chelon bispinosus is utilized commercially in subsistence fisheries. This species is fished with handline and gill nets in Cape Verde. There is no current indication population decline (Montiero pers. comm. 2013). More research is needed to determine if subsistence fisheries pose a threat to C. bispinosus.
Some mullets are utilized in aquaculture production along the eastern African coast, but it is unknown whether C. bispinosus is specifically involved or not (Harrison in press).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for Chelon bispinosus. More research is needed regarding its current population size and trend, habitats, ecology, life history and threats.|
|Citation:||Carpenter, K.E., Camara, K., Djiman, R., Sylla, M., Nunoo, F., Sagna, A., Sidibé, A, de Morais, L., Williams, A.B., Montiero, V. & Quartey, R. 2015. Chelon bispinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T197037A2478261.Downloaded on 20 September 2018.|
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