|Scientific Name:||Eleotris acanthopoma|
|Species Authority:||Bleeker, 1853|
Eleotris acanthopomus Bleeker, 1853
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Hoese, D. & Keith, P.|
This species has a wide distribution, is found in a range of estuarine and freshwater habitats, and its breeding biology allows some flexibility in the places it occupies. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is known from south-east Asia to northern Australia (Cape Tribulation), Japan, New Guinea, New Caledonia and Vanuatu, the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau and French Polynesia (Moorea).|
Native:Australia; French Polynesia; Guam; Hong Kong; Indonesia; Japan; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Solomon Islands; Taiwan, Province of China; Vanuatu
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is locally common throughout its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This species inhabits shallow brackish estuaries, the lower reaches of freshwater rivers and creeks, swamps and marshes as well as rice fields (i.e. in Okinawa, Japan). It feeds on aquatic insects and snails, crustaceans such as shrimps and crabs, polychaetes and fishes (including juvenile Eleotris). Maeda and Tachihara (2004) found that many specimens were feeding on large numbers of quite large aquatic snails and noted that the fish apparently disposed on the shells by spitting, not excretion (which would appear to be physically difficult). This species is most active at night.
This fish has been well-studied in Okinawa, Japan (Maeda and Tachihara 2004, 2005; Maeda et al. 2007, 2011), where this species spawns during May to December, with a pelagic larval life of about 2–4 months. Pelagic recruits were collected off beaches throughout the year, suggesting that spawning on other islands further south (e.g. the Yaeyama Islands) contributed to this. Maeda et al. (2007) suggest that the wide dispersal of these larvae would allow the species to colonise new habitats in case "....their natal habitats are changed, such as by ruination of streams...".
|Use and Trade:||There is no information on use and trade.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no definite threats to this species, which is found in a wide range of coastal habitats. Threats that damage coastal streams (dams, pollution) may limit recruitment and populations of this fish (e.g. on Guam, where there has been habitat damage and introduction of invasive species). Further research is needed into the possible threats faced by this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||The range of this species overlaps with several marine protected areas.|
|Citation:||Larson, H. 2012. Eleotris acanthopoma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 October 2014.|
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