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Rhinolophus simulator

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA RHINOLOPHIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhinolophus simulator
Species Authority: K. Andersen, 1904
Common Name/s:
English Bushveld Horseshoe Bat
Synonym/s:
Rhinolophus simulator Sanborn, 1936 subspecies alticolus

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Jacobs, D., Cotterill, F.P.D., Taylor, P.J. & Monadjem, A.
Reviewer/s: Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category
History:
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. There are records in West Africa from the Wonegizi Mountains and Mount Nimba (Guinea and Liberia), and from central Nigeria. In Central Africa it has been reported from Cameroon. In East Africa there are many more records, with the species being reported from as far north as Ethiopia and southern Sudan, ranging southwards through Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania to Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, eastern South Africa, Swaziland and southern Botswana.
Countries:
Native:
Botswana; Cameroon; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; South Africa; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species can be locally common. Colonies may consist of a couple of hundred individuals, although these are often quite fragmented because of the species association with caves for breeding.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is typically associated with caves in areas of moist savanna. It is also reported from bushveld adjacent to rivers and savanna woodland (particularly Brachystegia woodland in Zimbabwe) (Skinner and Smithers, 1990). Availability of day roosts in the form of caves and mine adits is a necessary component of their habitat (Taylor, 1998).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened in parts of its range by cave disturbance and the loss of habitat resulting from the conversion of land to agricultural use and mining operations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There appear to be no direct conservation measures in place. In view of the species East African and southern African distribution, it seems likely that it is present in some protected areas.
Citation: Jacobs, D., Cotterill, F.P.D., Taylor, P.J. & Monadjem, A. 2008. Rhinolophus simulator. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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