|Scientific Name:||Rheomys thomasi|
|Species Authority:||Dickey, 1928|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Reid, F., Vázquez, E., Emmons, L. & Cuarón, A.D.|
|Reviewer(s):||McKnight, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)|
Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable under criterion B1b(iii).
|Range Description:||This species occurs in the highlands of south México (Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras (Musser and Carleton 2005). It is found from 400 m to 2,700 m (Reid 1997).|
Native:El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is uncommon and local (Reid 1997).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This rodent is found along streams through most forest types and second growth (Reid 1997). It is sometimes found on very small streams and steeps in forests, and may be more generalized in diet and habits than other water mice.
In El Salvador, foods eaten include insects, birds, salamanders, mammals (possibly another Rheomys), and starchy pulp (Stirton 1944). One individual from Guatemala had eaten stonefly and mayfly larvae, beetles, and part of a catfish (Hooper 1968). A captive mouse readily consumed small fish and aquatic insect larvae (Reid 1997).
|Major Threat(s):||Stream degradation and water quality degradation are major threats due to its reliance on stream habitats. Other potential threats include landslides.|
|Conservation Actions:||Occurs in El Triunfo National Park in Mexico and in El Imposible National Park in El Salvador. Expected to occur in Sierra de las Minas National Park in Guatemala.|
|Citation:||Reid, F., Vázquez, E., Emmons, L. & Cuarón, A.D. 2008. Rheomys thomasi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 October 2014.|
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