Lepidion lepidion


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Lepidion lepidion
Species Authority: (Risso, 1810)
Common Name(s):
English Mediterranean Codling
Gadus lepidion Risso, 1810
Lepidion rissoi Swainson, 1838
Lepidion rubescens Swainson, 1839
Lotta joptera Cocco, 1829

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2007-11-14
Assessor(s): Di Natale, A., Molinari, A. & Oral, M. and Őztűrk, B.
Reviewer(s): Livingstone, S. & Pollard, D. and Carpenter, K.
This deep water species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It is relatively widespread and some of its depth range occurs below 1,000 m. It is of minor commercial importance and is not thought to be under threat at present. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It is found in northwest areas, including Catalan Sea (Carrasson et al. 1997, Cartes and Carrasson 2004, Coll et al. 2006) and the Tyrrhenian Sea. It also occurs in the Ionian Sea (D'Onghia et al. 2004).
France; Italy; Malta; Monaco; Spain; Tunisia
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Cartes and Carrasson (2004) mentioned that 323 specimens were collected in a series of bottom trawl cruises performed in June, July and October 1987-1989, between 984 and 2,251 m in the Catalano-Balearic basin (Catalan Sea, western Mediterranean Sea).

According to Carrasson et al. (1997), 617 specimens were collected from the continental slope of the Catalan Sea during a cruises using a semi balloon otter trawl, headline length 13.7 m on a single warp, within depths varied from 970 and 2,256 m.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a bathypelagic species, mostly abundant in waters deeper than 750 m on soft bottoms. Its diet included a broad range of benthic and pelagic prey, the planktonic prey are most abundant at 100-1,400 m and are almost entirely absent at 1,800-2,200 m while suprabenthos preys increases with depth (Carrasson et al. 1997).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is harvested for food.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This is a species with minor commercial importance, that can be caught mainly by means of trawls. It rarely occurs in markets.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Currently there is a GFCM recommendation (GFCM/2005/1) forbidding trawl and dredge fishing below 1,000 m. However, this species may be present in Marine Protected Areas found within its distribution.

Citation: Di Natale, A., Molinari, A. & Oral, M. and Őztűrk, B. 2013. Lepidion lepidion. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 26 October 2014.
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