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Conus gondwanensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus gondwanensis Röckel & Moolenbeek, 1995

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-08-09
Assessor(s): Bouchet, P.
Reviewer(s): Seddon, M. & Peters, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hines, A., Peters, H. & Webb, E.
Justification:

This species is endemic to New Caledonia.   In the 1990s and early 2000s there was commercial dredging in New Caledonia for sharkteeth and shells including this species, however, these practices have mostly ceased from exhaustion of sharkteeth and closure to dredging of species rich seamounts on the Norfolk Ridge.  There are still stocks from these previous dredges of this species available for the specimen shell trade. Some of the area exploited for shark teeth and shells have likely been excessively exploited, but not believed to affect the global population of this species. There is some control on the amount of off shore dredging in New Caledonia and it is very inaccessible unless dredged.  It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to New Caledonia (Moolenbeek 2008).  It has a depth distribution of 250-400 m.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
New Caledonia
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:2800
Lower depth limit (metres):400
Upper depth limit (metres):250
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There are currently no data in the literature concerning population.  It is a deep and rare species.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found occurring at depths of between 250 and 400 m on rubble, gravel and coarse bottoms (Moolenbeek 2008).  It is generally found as large as 20-23 mm.
Systems:Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In the 1990s and early 2000s there was commercial dredging in New Caledonia for sharkteeth and shells including this species, however, these practices have mostly ceased from exhaustion of sharkteeth and closure to dredging of species rich seamounts on the Norfolk Ridge (P. Bouchet pers comm. 2011).  There are still stocks from these previous dredges of this species available for the specimen shell trade, however, uncommonly available.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

Some of the area exploited for shark teeth and shells have likely been excessively exploited, but not believed to affect the global population of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

There is some control on the amount of off shore dredging in New Caledonia and very inaccesible unless dredged. 


Citation: Bouchet, P. 2013. Conus gondwanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192862A2175887. . Downloaded on 23 September 2017.
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