Conus typhon 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus typhon
Species Authority: Kilburn, 1975
Taxonomic Notes: Some taxonomists consider this a subspeces of C. nielsenae (G. Raybaudi and S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-28
Assessor(s): Veldsman, S.G.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Raybaudi-Massilia, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Peters, H., Bohm, M. & Sheriff, Z.
This species is endemic to South Africa and occurs between the border of Mozambique and the Transkei border. This species has a relatively large range and has no current threats to its global population, although some of the populations in shallower waters may be somewhat affected by pollution events. However, this is unlikely to have a significant effect on the global population of this species, so it has been listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to South Africa and occurs between the border of Mozambique and the Transkei border (Mzamba) (Tenorio and Monteiro 2008).
Countries occurrence:
South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 4000
Lower depth limit (metres): 120
Upper depth limit (metres): 10
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are no population data available for species in the literature.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs on pebbles, and dead coral (Tenorio and Monterio 2008). Specialist websites indicate that this species may also be found on sand, mud, and sandy/muddy substrate (Poppe, G.T. and Poppe, P). It has been found at depths of 10-40 m, and in some cases down to 120 m (S. Veldsman pers. comm. 2011).

Typical size for shells of this species is between 30 - 60 mm (Tenorio and Monteiro 2008).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all Conus spp and other molluscs, the shells of this species are traded for the collector market.  There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed.

There is a medium availability of shells of this species on the mollusc shell market at low prices, as reported through specialist websites (, Poppe and Poppe 2011) and dealer catalogues (Rice 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known material threats to this species. For shallower occurring populations localized threats from pollution (municipal sewage, agricultural run off and siltation) may have some impact (S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation actions currently in place for this species.

Citation: Veldsman, S.G. 2013. Conus typhon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192792A2162075. . Downloaded on 27 November 2015.
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