|Scientific Name:||Conus typhon|
|Species Authority:||Kilburn, 1975|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Some taxonomists consider this a subspeces of C. nielsenae (G. Raybaudi and S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Peters, H. & Raybaudi-Massilia, G.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Peters, H., Bohm, M. & Sheriff, Z.|
This species is endemic to South Africa and occurs between the border of Mozambique and the Transkei border. This species has a relatively large range and has no current threats to its global population, although some of the populations in shallower waters may be somewhat affected by pollution events. However, this is unlikely to have a significant effect on the global population of this species, so it has been listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to South Africa and occurs between the border of Mozambique and the Transkei border (Mzamba) (Tenorio and Monteiro 2008).|
Native:South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||4000|
|Lower depth limit (metres):||120|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||10|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are no population data available for species in the literature.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs on pebbles, and dead coral (Tenorio and Monterio 2008). Specialist websites indicate that this species may also be found on sand, mud, and sandy/muddy substrate (Poppe, G.T. and Poppe, P). It has been found at depths of 10-40 m, and in some cases down to 120 m (S. Veldsman pers. comm. 2011).
Typical size for shells of this species is between 30 - 60 mm (Tenorio and Monteiro 2008).
|Use and Trade:||
In common with all Conus spp and other molluscs, the shells of this species are traded for the collector market. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed.
There is a medium availability of shells of this species on the mollusc shell market at low prices, as reported through specialist websites (www.shellauction.net, Poppe and Poppe 2011) and dealer catalogues (Rice 2007).
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known material threats to this species. For shallower occurring populations localized threats from pollution (municipal sewage, agricultural run off and siltation) may have some impact (S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no conservation actions currently in place for this species.|
|Citation:||Veldsman, S.G. 2013. Conus typhon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192792A2162075. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T192792A2162075.en . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.|
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