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Conus geographus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA NEOGASTROPODA CONIDAE

Scientific Name: Conus geographus
Species Authority: Linnaeus, 1758

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-27
Assessor(s): Kohn, A.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Poppe, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Harwell, H., Peters, H. & Cubaynes, H.
Justification:

This species is found in the entire Indo-Pacific excluding Hawaii. This is a wide ranging species and is common throughout its range. There are no known major threats, therefore it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the entire Indo-Pacific excluding Hawaii (Röckel et al. 1995). Both the EOO and the AOO exceed the threshold for criteria B1 and B2. This species is found to 20 m (Röckel et al. 1995).
Countries:
Native:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia (Ashmore-Cartier Is., Coral Sea Is. Territory, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia); Bahrain; Bangladesh; British Indian Ocean Territory; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang); Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Disputed Territory; Djibouti; Eritrea; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Japan (Kyushu, Nansei-shoto, Shikoku); Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Macao; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Qatar; Réunion; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United Arab Emirates; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., US Line Is., Wake Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common (G.T. Poppe and A.J. Kohn pers. comm. 2011).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found on coral reef, rubble and sand, in caves and in lagoons from intertidal waters to 20 m. Once mature, it can reach a size ranging from 65 to 166 mm. This species feeds mainly on fish (Röckel et al. 1995, Duda et al. 2001). Human fatalities from the venom of this species are numerous and go mostly unreported (G.T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all marine molluscs including Conus spp, the shells are traded for the collector market. They may also be gathered for the local tourist market and by tourists visiting the region. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed. The shells of this species are plentiful on the mollusc shell market and the price demanded for them is low (Rice 2007, Poppe and Poppe 2011) which could indicate the species is abundant.

This species is also used in biomedicine to alleviate symptoms of schyzophrenia. There is little harvesting from the wild as the current supply source is synthetic (Hunt and Vincent 2006).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.  It occurs in marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Kohn, A. 2013. Conus geographus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.
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