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Conus crocatus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA NEOGASTROPODA CONIDAE

Scientific Name: Conus crocatus
Species Authority: Lamarck, 1810
Taxonomic Notes: This species has at least three subspecies:
Conus crocatus crocatus  Lamarck, 1810
Conus crocatus magister Doiteau, 1981
Conus crocatus thailandis da Motta, 1978
(Röckel et al. 1995, Filmer 2001, Appeltans et al. 2011)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-26
Assessor(s): Kohn, A.
Reviewer(s): Peters, H. & Poppe, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Harwell, H., Peters, H. & Cubaynes, H.
Justification:

This species is found from Japan to the Marshall Islands, from Mozambique to Madagascar, the Seychelles, Mascarene Islands, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and along the west coast of Thailand and the east coast of Queensland in Australia.  This is a wide ranging species and is locally abundant.  There are no known major threats, therefore it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found from Japan to the Marshall Islands, from Mozambique to Madagascar, the Seychelles, Mascarene Islands, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and  along the west coast of Thailand and the east coast of Queensland in Australia (Röckel et al. 1995). It is also reported to be present in the Philippines (Poppe and Poppe 2011). Both the EOO and AOO exceed the threshold for criteria B1 and B2. This species is found in more than 10 locations.
Countries:
Native:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia (Coral Sea Is. Territory, Queensland); Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang); Comoros; Disputed Territory; Guam; Hong Kong; Indonesia (Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, Sulawesi); Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Nansei-shoto, Shikoku); Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Macao; Madagascar; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Nauru; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Seychelles; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand; Tokelau; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Wake Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is locally abundant (G.T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives in very localized aggregations in rather deep water, most often around 40 m depth (G.T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).  This species is found on sand, among coral rubble and on coral reef. Once mature, the typical form can reach a size ranging from 40 to 82 mm, the C. c. thailandis form between 50 and 84 mm and the C c. magister form between 70 and 110 mm (Röckel et al. 1995).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: In common with all Conus spp, the shells are traded for the collector market. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed. The availability of shells of this species is adequate on the international mollusc shell market and the price demanded for them is high (Rice 2007, Poppe and Poppe 2011).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Citation: Kohn, A. 2013. Conus crocatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.
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