|Scientific Name:||Coelioxys coturnix Pérez, 1884|
Coelioxys ruficaudis Cameron, 1913
Coelioxys taurus Nurse, 1902
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species belongs to the subgenus Allocoelioxys Tkalcu, 1974.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Ortiz Sánchez, F.J.|
|Reviewer(s):||Kemp, J.R. & Michez, D.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern as the species occurs in a large area, ubiquitous in its habitat preferences and there are no major threats to the species.
|Range Description:||A Palearctic species, known from France and Spain, north Africa and India (Ornosa et al. 2007, Rozen and Kamel 2008, M. Schwarz pers. comm. 2013). Its presence in Portugal needs to be confirmed. It was introduced to the USA.|
Native:France (France (mainland)); Spain (Spain (mainland))
|Population:||With the current knowledge of this species, there are three subpopulations: in southwestern Europe, northern Africa and in Asia. However, with further research into the species' distribution the known population will inevitably increase.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species prefers open fields, mixed forests with shrubs and herbs, and even crop edges. More generally the species is found in temperate forest, Mediterranean and temperate shrubland, temperate grassland, semi-desert, arable land, pasture land and rural gardens. The species is kleptoparasitic, in that it parasitises the nests of other bee species such as Megachile minutissima in Egypt, M. rotundata in USA and M. atratula in Spain. It flies from May to September.|
|Use and Trade:||
The species is not traded or exploited commercially.
There appears to be no major threats to this species. The species may generally be threatened by residential and commercial developments, recreational activities, herbicides and pesticides, and climatic changes.
The species is not listed in any National Red Lists or Red Data Books. It is unknown whether it occurs within any protected areas. Further research should be conducted to determine the population size and trends of the species.
|Citation:||Ortiz Sánchez, F.J. 2014. Coelioxys coturnix. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T19199794A21142579.Downloaded on 23 February 2018.|
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